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refractory materials borides and carbides in italy

  • Borides and Carbides of Transition Elements

    2020-5-23 · Abstract: Oxides, borides and carbides of the transition elements are materials of great interest from a technologic point of view. Many of these materials are used in the form of thin films, so several techniques are commonly used to deposit them. …

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  • Ultra-High Temperature Materials II - Refractory

    Ultra-High Temperature Materials II Refractory Carbides I (Ta, Hf, Nb and Zr Carbides) Authors: ... Re, Os, Ta, Mo, Nb, Ir) and compounds (oxides, nitrides, carbides, borides, silicides) with melting points in this range. It will be of interest to researchers, engineers, postgraduate, graduate and undergraduate students alike. The reader is ...

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  • Processing of refractory metal borides, carbides and ...

    Transition metal borides, carbides and nitrides are candidates for very high temperature applications. A review of various processing techniques to fabricate dense monolithic and composite materials is presented. In particular, we focus on reactive hot pressing (RHP) which allows synthesis and densification to be achieved simultaneously. We report the RHP of composites in the Ti-B-N, Zr-B-C ...

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  • THE ANALYSIS OF REFRACTORY BORIDES, CARBIDES,

    2021-5-17 · Methods are presented for the analysis of 41 refractory materials. An evaluation of the accuracy and the precision of these techniques are also given The materials studied are the borides of hafnium, molybdenum, niobiumL rhenium, tantalum, thorium, …

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  • Studies of refractory carbides, nitrides, and borides as ...

    Abstract Thermionic emission properties of several kinds of refractory carbides, nitrides, and borides of the transition metals in the form of powder were investigated with a newly developed measur...

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  • The wetting of refractory carbides, borides, and

    1966-7-1 · The investigation has shown that the wetting of refractory compounds by metals is directly linked with the character of their chemical reaction, as well as with the direction of preferential transport of elements, from the melt to the refractory support or vice versa. The wetting of a support material by a melt can be controlled by means of additions to one of the contacting materials, which ...

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  • The hardness at high temperatures of some refractory ...

    35& JOURNAL OF THE LESS-COMMON METALS THE HARDNESS AT HIGH TEMPERATURES OF SOME REFRACTORY CARBIDES AND BORIDES L. M. FITZGERALD* Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge (Great Britain) (Received December 24th, 1902) SUMMARY A new method has been used to measure the hardness of material with high melting points at …

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  • Process for preparing refractory borides and carbides ...

    As is well known, certain borides and carbides are highly refractory and are useful in the fabrication of products capable of withstanding high temperatures and physical and chemical attack. Titanium diboride (TiB 2 ), for example, is useful in the fabrication of bushing materials, bearing liners, nozzles and …

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  • HOW TO CLASSIFY REFRACTORY MATERIALS - idc

    2019-2-4 · refractory materials. These refractories are produced from Chinaclay, Asbestos (Kieselguhr), Glass wool, Mica (Vermiculite), Bubble alumina, Carbon, Paper wool, Ceramic fibers, Saw dust etc. Cermets. Under this category come the refractories produced from the mixtures of high purity Refractory Oxides, Carbides, Borides, and Metals or Alloys.

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  • Overview of Refractory Materials - pdhonline.com

    2012-5-29 · and zirconium and some non-oxide refractories like carbides, nitrides, borides, silicates and graphite. The main types include fire-clay bricks, castables, ceramic fiber and insulating bricks that are ... refractory materials such as magnesia, which has a melting point …

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  • SHS of Refractory Carbides, Borides, Related Solid ...

    Since the inception of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), the production of refractory carbides and borides was one of the main areas of SHS application. SHS provides unique reaction conditions, including extremely high reaction temperature and rapid heating/cooling, and produces materials with novel microstructures and ...

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  • Processing of Refractory Metal Borides, Carbides and ...

    Transition metal borides, carbides and nitrides are candidates for very high temperature applications. A review of various processing techniques to fabricate dense monolithic and composite materials is presented. In particular, we focus on reactive hot pressing (RHP) which allows synthesis and densification to be achieved simultaneously. We report the RHP of composites in the Ti-B-N, Zr-B-C ...

    Get Price
  • Processing of refractory metal borides, carbides and ...

    Transition metal borides, carbides and nitrides are candidates for very high temperature applications. A review of various processing techniques to fabricate dense monolithic and composite materials is presented. In particular, we focus on reactive hot pressing (RHP) which allows synthesis and densification to be achieved simultaneously. We report the RHP of composites in the Ti-B-N, Zr-B-C ...

    Get Price
  • Processing of Refractory Metal Borides, Carbides and ...

    Because of the high melting points of refractory metal carbides, nitrides and silicides there is a need for processes like self-combustion high temperature synthesis (SHS), spark plasma sintering ...

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  • Studies of refractory carbides, nitrides, and borides as ...

    Thermionic emission properties of several kinds of refractory carbides, nitrides, and borides of the transition metals in the form of powder were investigated with a newly developed measuring device and evaluated by the figure of merit defined as the ratio of the effective work function to the working temperature at which the vapor pressure becomes 1 x 10(-5) Torr.

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  • The Physics and Chemistry of Carbides, Nitrides and

    Carbides, nitrides and borides are families of related refractory materials. Traditionally they have been employed in applications associated with engineering ceramics where either high temperature strength or stability is of primary importance. In recent years there has been a growing awareness of

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  • Overview of Refractory Materials - pdhonline.com

    2012-5-29 · and zirconium and some non-oxide refractories like carbides, nitrides, borides, silicates and graphite. The main types include fire-clay bricks, castables, ceramic fiber and insulating bricks that are ... refractory materials such as magnesia, which has a melting point of 5070 degrees. Requirements of Right Refractory

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  • The Synthesis of Borides, Carbides and Silicides of ...

    Abstract. When refractory compounds are produced by the solid-phase synthesis from powder components, the direct contact area of the particles is small and therefore the synthesis is performed at elevated temperatures to enhance the mutual diffusion.

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  • Lanthanides: Boride, Carbide, and Nitride Compounds

    2012-12-17 · The rare earth borides, carbides, and nitrides tend to be highly refractory compounds, typically with melting points above 2300 K. One way of looking at the less metal-rich compounds is that the boron, carbon, and nitrogen atoms, respectively, form strongly covalent atomic networks in which rare earth atoms occupy particular spaces/voids.

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  • Electrical properties of high-temperature oxides,

    High-temperature materials including oxides, borides, carbides, and nitrides encompass all types of conductors: metallic, semiconducting, and ionic. Their electrical conductivities are generally very sensitive to impurities regardless of the type of conductor. For large band-gap materials, which includes most of the oxides, the conductivities at low temperatures are frequently dominated by ...

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  • The Physics and Chemistry of Carbides, Nitrides and

    Carbides, nitrides and borides are families of related refractory materials. Traditionally they have been employed in applications associated with engineering ceramics where either high temperature strength or stability is of primary importance. In recent years there has been a growing awareness of

    Get Price
  • Processing of Refractory Metal Borides, Carbides and ...

    Because of the high melting points of refractory metal carbides, nitrides and silicides there is a need for processes like self-combustion high temperature synthesis (SHS), spark plasma sintering ...

    Get Price
  • Studies of refractory carbides, nitrides, and borides as ...

    Thermionic emission properties of several kinds of refractory carbides, nitrides, and borides of the transition metals in the form of powder were investigated with a newly developed measuring device and evaluated by the figure of merit defined as the ratio of the effective work function to the working temperature at which the vapor pressure becomes 1 x 10(-5) Torr.

    Get Price
  • (PDF) The Physics and Chemistry of carbides, Nitrides

    Carbides, nitrides and borides are families of related refractory materials. Traditionally they have been employed in applications associated with engineering ceramics where either high ...

    Get Price
  • Formation and reactivity of borides, carbides and ...

    Borides, carbides and silicides are reviewed with special reference to newer production methods and fabrication techniques. Crystal structures and types of bonding in binary and ternary compounds are classified and discussed. ... International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2016.02.005, 57, (31-41), (2016 ...

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  • Stability of reactive and refractory metal borides in ...

    Abstract Dispersion hardening by the Group IVb and Vb metal carbides has been demonstrated to improve the high temperature strength of chromium significantly 1 , and has created interest in the similar use of the borides of these metals. The purpose of this work was to characterize the elevated temperature formation and stability of these borides in chromium-base alloys, about which little is ...

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  • High-Entropy Ultra-High-Temperature Borides and

    2021-6-3 · High-Entropy Ultra-High-Temperature Borides and Carbides: A New Class of Materials for Extreme Environments Annual Review of Materials Research Vol. 51:- (Volume publication date July 2021) Review in Advance first posted online on April 23, 2021.

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  • Borides Meaning | Best 1 Definitions of Borides

    What does borides mean? Plural form of boride. (noun) Dictionary ! Menu. ... on the fusion and volatilization of refractory materials, and on the formation of carbides, suicides and borides of various metals, consisted, ... and the most refractory elements are converted into vapour, ...

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  • Corrosion Resistance of Nanopowders of Borides and ...

    This international journal publishes papers concerned with all aspects of the science, technology and application of refractory metals and hard materials. New technological developments now enlarge the scope to cover those metals with melting points around 2000 degrees Centigrade and higher, with similar powder metallurgical production and fields of application.

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  • Refractory Carbides - Ultramet

    2021-6-6 · Refractory Carbides. Hard, wear-resistant, chemically inert, chemically resistant, and nearly impervious to hydrogen at high temperatures, refractory carbides can be formed by chemical vapor deposition at temperatures as low as 10% of their melting point. Ultramet offers the following materials, along with other carbides, nitrides, and silicides:

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  • Corrosion Resistance of Nanopowders of Borides and ...

    2017-8-27 · of refractory metals borides and carbides was performed in standard nickeling electrolytes (Table 2). The acidity of the electrolyte was adjusted by adding concentrated sulfuric acid. Concentration of powders of carbides and borides was in all experiments 10 …

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  • Refractory materials | Metallurgy for Dummies

    2020-7-6 · The bulk of refractory materials consist of single or mixed high melting point oxides of elements such as silicon, aluminium, magnesium, calcium and zirconium. Non-oxide refractories also exist and include materials such as carbides, nitrides, borides and graphite. The actual composition of a refractory material is dependent on operating ...

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  • Stability of reactive and refractory metal borides in ...

    Abstract Dispersion hardening by the Group IVb and Vb metal carbides has been demonstrated to improve the high temperature strength of chromium significantly 1 , and has created interest in the similar use of the borides of these metals. The purpose of this work was to characterize the elevated temperature formation and stability of these borides in chromium-base alloys, about which little is ...

    Get Price
  • Ultra-High Temperature Materials II: Refractory

    Ultra-High Temperature Materials II: Refractory Carbides I (Ta, Hf, Nb and Zr Carbides) Igor L. Shabalin. 0 ... Re, Os, Ta, Mo, Nb, Ir) and compounds (oxides, nitrides, carbides, borides, silicides) with melting points in this range. It will be of interest to researchers, engineers, postgraduate, graduate and undergraduate students alike. The ...

    Get Price
  • International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard

    2021-6-2 · Hard materials that are included in the scope of this journal are defined as materials with hardness values higher than 1000 kg/mm2, primarily intended for applications as manufacturing tools or wear resistant components in mechanical systems. Thus they encompass carbides, nitrides and borides of metals, and related compounds.

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  • (PDF) Joining of ultra-refractory carbides | Laura ...

    One of the The ultra-refractory carbides, ZrC, HfC and TaC are crys- current areas of intense interest is the use of these materi- talline compounds based on a host metal that is generally als, primarily HfC-based materials, as rocket nozzles in the arranged in a close-packed structure and carbon that occupies aerospace sector.

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  • Processing and Characterization of Refractory Quaternary ...

    2019-5-6 · reported in systems like high entropy borides [6] and high entropy carbides [7,8]. Compared with conventional ceramic materials, single phase HECs show superior mechanical properties contributed by the strain strengthening e ect from lattice distortion. For example, the high-entropy carbide fabricated

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  • CHEMICAL REACTIONS OF CARBIDES, NITRIDES,

    2020-8-6 · results under similar conditions for carbides, nitrides, and borides of known bonding, the chemical bonding for these group IVA transition-metal refractories is discussed with reference to the theories described by Engel (ref. 1) and Samsonov (ref. 2). diborides of titanium (Ti) and zirconium (Zr). In general, three aqueous systems

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  • Borides Meaning | Best 1 Definitions of Borides

    What does borides mean? Plural form of boride. (noun) Dictionary ! Menu. ... on the fusion and volatilization of refractory materials, and on the formation of carbides, suicides and borides of various metals, consisted, ... and the most refractory elements are converted into vapour, ...

    Get Price
  • Borides & Carbides - qkmaterials.com

    Borides & Carbides. A boride is a compound consisting of boron and a less electronegative element such as silicon boride. The borides of transition and rare-earth metals are considered for application as wear-resistant and corrosion-resistant, decorative or thermionic coatings.

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  • (PDF) Properties of Refractory Metal Borides and

    Properties of Refractory Metal Borides and Carbides Deposited by Electrochemical Synthesis from Molten Salts July 1998 Journal of Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science 7(1):127-132

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  • Ultra-High Temperature Materials II: Refractory

    Ultra-High Temperature Materials II: Refractory Carbides I (Ta, Hf, Nb and Zr Carbides) 1st ed. 2019 Edition by Igor L. Shabalin (Author) ISBN-13: 978-9402413007

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  • High temperature, refractory materials, bricks, fibers ...

    Spontaneous formation of multilayer refractory carbide coatings in a molten salt media, L Constantin, L Fan, M Pouey, J Roger, B Cui, Jean-François Silvain, and Yong Feng Lu, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 29 March, 2021. Partial replacement of a traditional raw material by blast furnace slag in developing a sustainable conventional refractory ...

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  • Process for preparing refractory borides and carbides ...

    As is well known, certain borides and carbides are highly refractory and are useful in the fabrication of products capable of withstanding high temperatures and physical and chemical attack. Titanium diboride (TiB 2 ), for example, is useful in the fabrication of bushing materials, bearing liners, nozzles and …

    Get Price
  • Reactor for plasmometallurgical production of

    Download Citation | On Aug 1, 2011, I. V. Nozdrin and others published Reactor for plasmometallurgical production of refractory borides and carbides | Find, read and cite all the research you need ...

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  • The use of carbides in refractories - CORE

    With the new demands being made on the ceramic industry in mind, it was thought that an investigation of the ceramic possibilities of certain high melting refractory materials might prove of interest and value. The high melting materials are the oxides, carbides, nitrides, borides, and hydrides.

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  • Handbook of Refractory Carbides and Nitrides - 1st

    Carbides, nitrides and borides are families of related refractory materials. Traditionally they have been employed in applications associated with engineering ceramics where either high temperature strength or stability is of primary importance. In recent years there has been a growing awareness of the interesting electrical, thermal and ...

    Get Price
  • Amazon.com: The Physics and Chemistry of Carbides ...

    Refractories are ceramic materials capable of withstanding high temperatures. The bulk of refractory materials consist of single or mixed high melting point oxides such as silicon, aluminum, magnesium, calcium and zirconium. Non-oxide refractories also exist and include materials such as carbides, nitrides, borides and graphite.

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